Let’s now give a brief overview of each of these theories of motivation. ADVERTISEMENTS: The theories of motivation, try to provide general sets of principles to guide our understanding of the urges, wants, needs, desires, strivings and goals […] Human beings are ever-changing. The theories presented in this section focus on the importance of human needs. He divided employees into Theory X employees who avoid work and dislike responsibility and Theory Y employees who enjoy … These views are explained as theories of motivation. What is Motivation? We have appreciated earlier the importance of motivation in determining human behaviour . Contemporary Theories of Motivation Early motivation theories were based on the assumptions and sometime these theories were not supported by strong evidence. MOTIVATION & ITS THEORIES Welcome to today’s lesson on motivation. Optimal-level Theory, 2. Psychoanalytic Theory 3. There are different views on motivation. Motivation is a dynamic and continuous process. Importance of Motivation. The main process theories of motivation are – Skinner’s Reinforcement Theory, Vroom’s Expectancy Theory, Adam’s Equity Theory, and Locke’s Goal Setting Theory. – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 5eda18-MjFhZ Motivation is a process that starts with a physiological or psychological need that Contemporary theories of motivation incorporate equity, control and agency theory, as well as goal setting, reinforcement, and job design theory. The main process theories are: Skinner’s reinforcement theory, Victor Vroom's expectancy theory, Adam’s equity theory and Locke’s goal setting theory (Figure 1). Therefore, alternative theories of motivation have been put forward over time. Humanistic Theory! The diagram below shows how the different motivation theories fit within the scheme of things. According to various theories, motivation may be rooted in a basic need to minimize physical pain and maximize pleasure, or it may include specific needs such as eating and resting, or a desired object, goal, state of being, ideal, or it may be attributed to less-apparent reasons such as altruism, selfishness, morality, or avoiding mortality. Fortunately, these separate endeavors are con-verging and can be effectively integrated. The motivation Maslow’s theory ofneeds PowerPoint is such diagram that shows the different aspects of human needs and its fulfillment. Elizabeth C. Rodriguez Jessica Pettyjohn Chapter 11 Week 10 Motivation is the process of instigating and sustaining goal-directed behavior. Satisfaction of one need gives rise to another so managers have to continuously perform the function of motivation. A need is a human condition that becomes “energized” when people feel deficient in some respect. If you’re interested in learning more about the top motivational theories, check out the link in the education section above. A common thread through all of them is that people have a variety of needs. Douglas McGregor proposed two theories, Theory X and Theory Y, to explain employee motivation and its implications for management. The main content theories are: Maslow ’ s needs hierarchy, Alderfer’s ERG theory, McClelland’s achievement motivation and Herzberg’s two-factor theory. It is a pyramid PowerPoint design because Abraham Maslow’s has arranged his conceptualizations in a pyramid sequence. Human needs are unlimited and go on changing continuously. The theories of motivation maybe categorized according to their definitions and purpose but critical analysis reveal that they are all linked, they lead to serving satisfaction in employees. ADVERTISEMENTS: Three Main Theories on Motivation are 1. Theories like the expectancy theory of motivation, the equity theory of motivation, and the arousal theory of motivation are the most applicable to psychology. Content Theories of Motivation Describe a content theory of motivation. In today’s module we will review the concept of motivation and various theories of motivation. Maslow’s hierarchy of needs is a good example of this approach. INTEGRATING THEORIES OF MOTIVATION PIERS STEEL University of Calgary CORNELIUS J. KONIG¨ Universita¨t Zu¨rich Progress toward understanding human behavior has been hindered by discipline-bound theories, dividing our efforts.
explain the various theories of motivation ppt