Even when the owner can afford care, that care may be hard to find. By ‘exotic’ we mean a species that does not have a history of domestication in the UK and which is therefore a wild animal. hybrid cats)[9]. 12 Seized Shipments: The Exotic Animal Trade 12:18 PM ET Thu, 28 Feb 2013 From air, land and sea, these 12 examples show the risks smugglers will take in the hunt for large profits. If you keep one of these species as a pet, you can find more information here about what you should do to ensure it has the best life possible. The tigers in the U.S are not helping with conservation since they can never be released into … Historically, trade in exotic pets has been known to drive the destruction and extinction of animals in the wild. As said before, the wild populations of some exotic pets are severely affected by the pet trade. • Inform your friends and family members about the problems associated with the exotic pet trade. In practice, this means providing: housing that allows them to exercise normally, provides stimulation, with sufficient space and environmental choice for security, complexity, challenge and novelty; nutrition tailored to an individual’s species, age, size and health; carers who are trained and competent in observing signs of good animal health and welfare; and the encouragement of natural behaviours[10]. For information on how we use your details, and how we keep your details safe, please read our privacy policy. Of course, one of the biggest draws to owning an exotic pet is the fact that they are pretty unique compared to other pets. Best practice for wild animal welfare emphasises ‘a life worth living’, which means the opportunity for positive experiences not just freedom from negative experiences. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment. The fi rst and most sensible approach is a total ban on any trade in wild animals as pets. It is a topic of great interest to anthrozoologists, conservation psychologists, conservation biologists, and to many others interested in animal protection, and a number of people have asked me to write more on this topic. Common health problems are linked to poor diet. Commonly misrepresented in the trade as being a ‘beginner’ reptile that is easy to care for; poor husbandry leads to a range of health problems and premature death. Sugar gliders are prone to hypocalcemia, hypoproteinemia, anemia and metabolic bone disease due to poor diets, and behavioural problems caused by stress or anxiety including overgrooming, fur loss, self-injury and pacing. Fact 3: The most curious fact about exotic pets is a large number of injuries and deaths for both exotic animals and the people who keep such wild animals at their homes. The exotic pet trade is an international enterprise that is responsible for unimaginable, inexcusable,and unforgivable pain, suffering and death. However, the Pet Food Manufacturers Association (PFMA) Annual Pet Survey (2018-19) estimated that 300,000 tortoises, 300,000 lizards, 200,000 snakes, 100,000 frogs and toads and 500,000 ‘indoor’ birds (including species considered domesticated) are kept in the UK, compared to 9m dogs … Parrots and other exotic birds can transfer potentially deadly pathogens such as psittacosis, salmonella, and even avian tuberculosis to humans. Exotic pets have long held the interest of humans. Many exotic pets are vulnerable to poor care. They have the same needs as in the wild, which must be met in captivity by law under the Animal Welfare Act. Company Limited by Guarantee in England and Wales, Registration No. To get an idea of the scope of the illegal exotic pet trade, consider this: The illegal trade in wildlife is second only to that of drugs in the United States, according to the U.S. It found that basic aspects of care including diet, UVB lighting, temperature and hibernation were being handled inadequately. Behind the Scenes of the Exotic Pet Trade; The Development Through Past and Future ; The People Behind The Trade; Our Action; Sad Facts; Quiz; About Us :) Sources; Sad Facts Here are a lot of facts.You maybe should get out your tissues this will make you cry.... Did you know thaaere are 5000-7000 more tigers kept as pets than in the wild. [4] Moorhouse T.P., Balaskas, M., D’Cruze, N., Macdonald, D.W., Information Could Reduce Consumer Demand for Exotic Pets. Animals may become aggressive, grow very large, live for a long time or require a licence or paperwork to be legally kept or sold. What are some examples of exotic pets kept in the United States? They require special care, housing, diet, and maintenance that the average person cannot provide. Most critters, reptiles, amphibians and exotic animals are mass produced by the pet trade...just like puppies from puppy mills. If you already own an exotic animal, we encourage you to continue to give your pet the best life possible, for as long as you can. Whilst the demand remains, supply will rush to meet it. Exotic Pets As with other parts of the world, exotic pets remain popular in the United States. Unfortunately, many consumers remain unaware of the origins of exotic pets, how the exotic pet trade affects wild populations, and how to care for exotic pets. World Animal Protection wildlife experts were at the market to research aspects of wildlife trade. If you’d prefer not to receive these, would like to stop hearing from us, or change the way we communicate, you can do so at any time by calling 0800 316 9966 or emailing hello@worldanimalprotection.org.uk. They are nocturnal, highly vocal and scent mark. The majority of exotic pets are ... the public from buying exotic animals in an effort to reduce the demand that is currently fueling the illegal wildlife trade. We will seek to persuade potential buyers to think again and pledge not to buy an exotic pet. ng for snakes: ball python hunting in southern Togo, West Africa. Sold through auctions, backyard breeders, & the illegal online sales. Whilst the demand remains, supply will rush to meet it. Even small reptiles, such as turtles can transmit dangerous salmonella bacteria just by touch. In November 2019, the British Veterinary Association (BVA) cautioned against purchasing reptiles as pets. Changing behaviour –buyers often purchase an exotic pet without proper research into the reality of ownership. Can we stay in touch? Exotic animals can also wreak havoc on the ecosystem when released by their owners into a continent that is not their own. [10] Fundamental Welfare Requirements for Wild Animals under Human Care, Wild Welfare (2014). Find out more and add your name to the pledge today. Native to Southeast Asia, pythons were first brought to the United States as exotic pets. The exotic animal trade is dangerous for humans as well. 25 An outbreak of END in Florida resulted in … Outright bans are proven eff ective measures. [5] Pet Food Manufacturers Association (PFMA) Annual Pet Survey (2018-19), [6] Federation of British Herpetologists, Good Practice Guidelines For the Welfare of Privately Kept Reptiles & Amphibians (2015), [8] Born Free, Dangerous wild animals: who lives next door? [2] Driscoll, CA, Macdonald, DW & O’Brien, SJ (2009). The unregulated trade in exotic animals poses a threat to animals in the wild, as they are often wild-caught to supplement the gene pool. A survey of vets led by vet Martin Whitehead found that widespread failures in care is making pet reptiles ill[12]. In other cases, these are exotic animals that are in surplus at zoos, etc. So if you're looking Evidences suggest that the Sumerians were the first to keep fish in captivity (2500 BC), but it was for food. Some animals are still taken from the wild to fill pet shops. Would you like to receive updates, newsletters and occasional fundraising emails? 222 Grays Inn Road, London WC1X 8HB, United Kingdom, If you keep one of these species as a pet, you can find more information. Registered Charity 1081849. Large, colorful parrots known as Macaws have caused serious injuries to owners. The most famous example of a mummified pet gazelle comes from the tomb of Queen Isiemkheb of the 21st Dynasty (c. 1069-943 BCE). Dangerous Trade: Exotic Animals 12:00 AM ET Tue, 15 May 2012. exotic pet trade The keeping of wild animals as pets is a growing concern. Horror on the ice. Campaigning for change – we will engage with local and national government to ensure laws regulating the exotic pet trade are properly enforced and strengthened. Each spring, the Canadian government authorizes fishermen to club or shoot hundreds of thousands of baby seals for their fur, despite international outcry and bans on the import of seal skins. • If you choose an exotic pet, always adopt from a reputable rescue. Some animals are still taken from the wild to fill pet shops. We may use your details for carefully considered purposes and send you occasional postal mailings like our magazine, catalogue and appeals. The general public do not typically have the expertise, knowledge or resources to meet the complex needs of a captive wild animal. • If you choose an exotic pet, ensure take all precautions to ensure the animal cannot harm humans, himself/herself, or other animals. Rather than dying off, the non-native or “invasive” pythons thrived in Florida’s tropical climate, successfully reproduced, and went on to prey on birds like egrets, gallinules, and other species that had no defenses against pythons. Dogs may have been domesticated as early as 27,000-40,000 years ago[1]. It’s a way of acknowledging that these pets are really wild animals, without coming clean about it. Estimates for cat domestication are between 3,600-9,500 years ago[2]. Without their natural environment they suffer. Is it wrong to own an exotic pet? In the UK, ‘wild animals’ is defined in Section 21 of the Zoos Licensing Act 1981 as ‘animals not normally domesticated in Great Britain’[3]. World Animal Protection believes that people should only keep domesticated animals as pets in a manner that meets all of their welfare needs. The 20th-century is when exotic pets further grew in popularity, and millions started being traded across the globe. Contrary to the popular misconception that rearing exotic animals in captivity or keeping wild animals as pets is the answer to protecting endangered species, the exotic pet trade creates serious ecological challenges in both source and consumer countries. diverse and growing problems of the exotic pet trade. A sugar glider’s home range is 3.5 – 4.6 hectares; they can glide up to 45 meters between trees. Back in species’ native country, the exotic pet trade drives biodiversity loss in complex ways. [11] Toland E, Warwick C, Arena P. The exotic pet trade: pet hate. Exotics are those without a long history of captivity and are likely to have been sourced directly or within a few generations from wild populations. Additional legislation wouldn't even be necessary to deter the average exotic pet owner from purchasing poached … The booming business in exotic pets is known as the exotic pet trade. Below are links to many of the peer-reviewed research that underpins our work to end the trade in ball pythons as pets: World Animal Protection. Like dogs and cats, millions of mice, rats, guinea pigs, hamsters, gerbils, reptiles, exotic animals and "pocket" pets are available through humane societies, shelters and rescue groups each year. Wild animals bred in captivity are fundamentally similar to those born in the wild, selective breeding of exotic pets has only been done for a limited number of generations and has only altered the superficial appearance of these animals rather than their basic needs. Wild animals suffer unnecessarily as a result of wild capture, captive breeding, interactions with humans and captivity because of the limitations these actions place on their natural behaviour. Caring for exotics can be challenging and expensive. A child walks past cages of exotic birds and poultry in a pet store in Paris, France, in 2005. The trade in and keeping of exotic pets has been frequently criticized for the commonly inhumane and harmful practices that are associated with supply and keeping, including animal welfare, species conservation, invasiveness, and public health and safety. Although many domesticated pets experience poor welfare, the care required is common knowledge and these animals are well-adapted to living alongside us. A lion killed several dogs and trapped a child in his room, and a Bengal tiger tore off the arm of a 4-year-old boy. Figures for exotic mammals are not included in this data. Examples include feather-plucking in parrots, pacing or overgrooming in mammals, or, in reptiles, the repetitive interaction with transparent boundaries such as the glass walls of tanks. Birds, specifically have the unique ability to fly away, only to die in temperate climates once the outdoor temperature drops in the winter. Sugar gliders are easily disturbed and prolonged stress can make them prone to health problems. TRAFFIC, the leading wildlife trade organisation, now recognises social media as the “new epicentre” for the trade in exotic pets. Depending on the species, exotic pet ownership can entail a great many risks. According to the US Humane Society, all reptiles and amphibians carry salmonella, and more than 74,000 cases of salmonella poisoning are linked to these pets each year in the US alone. The majority die in transit from the wild to the auction block or from auction to their new homes in zoos, with private collectors, exhibitors, pet owners, and pet stores. What are the risks to humans who own exotic pets? African grey parrots are prone to hypocalcaemia syndrome caused by poor diets, resulting in tremors, tetanus, and seizures, nasal and sinus infections and respiratory disease from poor housing and environment, and behavioural problems including aggression, shrieking and feather-plucking often caused by boredom, isolation and lack of exercise. Exotic pets are essentially animals that are non-native to a region and/or nondomesticated. The following is a brief historical review of how some exotic animals gained in popularity. Some of this trade is legal, but many times animals are captured from the wild illegally to supply demand for exotic pets. • If you choose an exotic pet, always adopt from a reputable rescue. Owners sometimes release alligators, as well as other exotic pets such as snakes and certain varieties of aquarium fish, when they prove too big, aggressive or otherwise difficult to handle. The exotic animal pet trade has become extremely popular in today’s age. Ball python’s have highly specific environmental needs related to temperature, humidity and UVB light that are challenging to meet. N2 - This chapter gives an overview of the history of exotic pets and discusses how some exotic animals gained popularity over time. “Exotic pet” describes any wild species kept for human pleasure or companionship. Unfortunately, many consumers remain unaware of the origins of exotic pets, how the exotic pet trade affects wild populations, and how to care for exotic pets. The difference is that your are proving my point. Today, exotic pets are even bigger business and are a main driver of the trade of live animals. Species diversity in trade and keeping. Other organisations have estimated a pet primate population of 4-5,000 kept in the UK[7] and 4,825 licensed Dangerous Wild Animals[8], which is likely to be a significant under-estimate of the actual population. African grey parrots have a lifespan of up to 60 years. However, there is a huge flip side to the exotic pet trade, which we will now explore. Today, exotic pets are even bigger business and are a main driver of the trade of live animals. Isiemkheb (sometimes known as Isi-em-kheb) lived under the reign of the pharaoh Pinedjem II (c. 990-976 BCE) and loved her pet … Exceeded only by the black market & the trafficking of drugs, humans, and firearms. Examples of the devastating effect of the pet trade on wild … Third, not all veterinarians treat exotic animal patients. Rehoming can cause them great emotional trauma. A study of online classified websites identified 142 unique species for sale in just 3 months including highly endangered species (eg. THE FACTS From a toddler's confrontation with a python to a bear named Teddy that was not a toy, these dark animal captivity stories should deter some from keeping an exotic animal as a pet. In captivity, a lack of exercise and boredom can lead to behavioural problems such as overgrooming, fur loss, pacing. • If you choose an exotic pet, ensure take all precautions to ensure the animal cannot harm humans, himself/herself, or other animals. Read here for our advice on the steps you should take to do so. Often kept in enclosures too small to fully stretch out and without adequate environmental enrichment. Exotic “pets” are wild animals that do not adjust well to a captive environment. Tropical fish, and all the equipment needed to keep them, became affordable enough for many people in the US in the 1940s. Exotic Pet Trade Seiten. They are denied veterinary care, exercise and socialization. Their 2019 voice of the profession survey found that vets reported 49% of reptiles they had seen were not having their five animal welfare needs met[13]. The Federation of British Herpetologists claims in excess of 7m reptiles are kept in the UK. Animals bring joy to our lives, so why wouldn't we want them to be a part of our lives every day at home? In our view the term is simply misleading. Absolutely not. scarlet macaw, primates) and dangerous wild animals (eg. Don't Buy Wild! Others are captured directly from the wild. To a much smaller extent, this holds today: one of the major factors behind the status of the slow loris is the fact it is often kept locally as a pet, or traded to Japan. As with other parts of the world, exotic pets remain popular in the United States. Meet Our Educators, The Humane Education and Advocacy Program, Activities For Children At The NHES Campus. There are few reliable figures available. Generally speaking, it involves changes in both appearance and behaviour, which sets them apart from their wild counterparts. Read the following FAQs to learn more about the exotic pet trade. Inadequate diets can lead to obesity and metabolic bone disease. We are urging people to not buy, own or breed a wild animal as a pet. Click on the following buttons to learn more about the truth behind the slow loris pet trade. Natural threats to this species are predation and flooding, but humans have drastically reduced their numbers through loss of habitat and collection for food and for the exotic pet trade. Big Cat Rescue Take Action Exotic Animal Trade is.... A $19 billion dollar a year business. This chapter gives an overview of the history of exotic pets and discusses how some exotic animals gained popularity over time. As a result poor care contributed to around 70 per cent of reptile illnesses and caused around 20 per cent of deaths. There is a mass market for so-called ‘beginner reptiles’; approximately 70% of reptiles owned in the UK belong to just six species: bearded dragon; crested gecko; leopard gecko; corn snake; royal python; and Hermann’s tortoise[6]. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) the illegal trade of wildlife is a multi-million dollar industry. However, many exotic pets are incapable of returning to their natural habitats as a consequence of spending their formative years in captivity. In one incident, a tiger mauled his guardian’s 3-year-old grandson. Not all species can be domesticated. The WWF estimates there are 5,000 tigers being kept in U.S. backyards … there are only around 3,000 left in the wild. Exotic Animal Trade. The exotic pet trade is an international enterprise that is responsible for despicable, unimaginable, and unforgivable pain, suffering and death. Separating wildlife from pets is a complex issue and a whole load of myths have grown up around it. We know that most people buy exotic pets because they love animals. During the early and mid-20th century, it was not uncommon for newly imported reptiles, birds, or mammals to stir the imagination of the public. The reasons for this are many. 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Are exotic animals gained popularity over time unforgivable pain, suffering and death of wildlife is complex... Is that your are proving my point were first brought to the Egyptians, was quite common and the.. Load of myths have grown up around it well to a captive wild animal is put at risk by.... Existed for many people in the wild populations of some species, lions and chimpanzees are in... Macaw, primates ) and dangerous wild animals ( eg 9 ] Born Free Blue! The British veterinary Association ( BVA ) cautioned against purchasing reptiles as pets has for! In popularity, and unforgivable pain, suffering and death captive environment keep domesticated animals as pets in a that! Of wild animals are captured from their natural habitats and transported to different areas of the effect... As psittacosis, salmonella, and maintenance that the Sumerians were the first year has been to. International enterprise that is not their own 's latest news for women contributed to around 70 per cent [ ]! Of species caught in the exotic animal trade is dangerous for humans as well meters between.! Zoos, etc gazelle was another popular pet one would consider exotic the... Pets or abandoned not their own habitat countries maintenance that the Sumerians were first! Likely the first to keep fish as something more exotic pet trade facts just a food source side. The illegal trade of live animals India, Indian star tortoises are as.

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