Plant the cutting into a new pot with new soil, making sure the buds remain above soil level. Many other varieties of Dracaena plant now exist, including Dracaena deremensis, Dracaena sanderiana, and Dracaena massangeana. Watering too frequently can lead to root rot. Brown spots could also be caused by escaped roots which have grown outside of the pot. Complete with over 60 pages on just Dracaena, plus pictures and complete care information, plus the 2 bonuses - 5 Can't Miss Indoor Plants and 23 Tips to Indoor Plant Success. Some fertilizers can cause the leaves of corn plants to turn brown, as they do not like baron or fluoride, both of which are commonly found in fertilizer. To repot the plant, lift it from its current container and remove the surrounding soil, taking extra care not to disturb the roots. Try to shield the plant from cold wind by keeping it away from open windows. This means that if your watering technique is slightly off, it will be several weeks before the plant shows any symptoms or signs of damage from overwatering or underwatering, so it's best to err on the side of caution when watering, being sure to keep up to date on the condition of the soil. Simply prop your cane back in an upright position, and pack soil around its base to keep it stable. If the temperature falls below 55°F (12°C), then the leaves will suffer, turning a pale gray or brown color. Family: Asparagaceae Common Name: Corn Plant, Dragon Tree Botanical Name: Dracaena deremensis, Dracaena steudneri, Dracaena marginata, Dracaena fragrans (see below for available varieties) There are approximately 120 species of Dracaena trees and shrubs. If you’d like to have this flower in your home as well, then follow our tips and find out more about care for dracaena. Yellowing leaves could also be the result of old age. The dracaena corn plant (botanical name: dracaena fragrans massangeana) is a well known indoor plant which is grown in many homes and offices within the US, UK and Europe. Bodine is passionate about gardening, travel, education and finance. Water the Dracaena fragrans 'Massangeana' plant with the fluoride-free water once per week until the soil is soaked but not sopping wet. If your corn plant does recover after switching to bottled water or rainwater, continue this program to maintain the health of the corn plant. However, it will fare perfectly well in homes with moderate humidity. The whole thing is completely downloadable on your computer so you can start learning about Dracaena care in just a few moments entirely at my risk. This is one of the best house plants for removing indoor air toxins such as formaldehyde, ammonia, xylene and toluene. The name Dracaena is derived from the ancient Greek word for female dragon called δράκαινα, drakaina.. Watch for spider mites, mealybugs and scales, which are common pests of the Dracaena fragrans 'Massangeana' plant. Always allow the top soil to dry out before watering. Bright direct light will result in a faster-growing plant, though it can also cause the leaves of the plant to become pale or scorched. All of the Dracaena plant varieties can be collectively referred to as corn plants, all growing upright on thick branches, with leaves sprouting from the stems in a manner reminiscent of corn. This evergreen, perennial shrub thrives outdoors in frost-free areas of the United States. Corn Plant Care & Growing Guide 1. If you spot any pests, spray them with horticultural oil. If this isn't possible and the plant receives lots of direct bright light, it would benefit from a specialized fertilizer to prevent chlorosis and bleached looking leaves. Dracaena corn plant has also been recognized by NASAs Clean Air Study as a plant that aids in removal of indoor pollutants, including xylene, toluene and formaldehyde. Dracaena is an easy to care for plant that is very resilient and tough. Fill the container with an indoor potting mix, and place the plant so the root ball lies an inch below the container's top edge. Dracaena Fragrans is sometimes called Corn Plant as it somewhat resembles corn. The Dracaena Corn Plant is a slow growing, sometimes flowering, shrub which is wildly popular as a houseplant. Water when the top inch of soil is partly dry and feed every 3 weeks in the growing season. If a thrip problem does occur on your corn plant, combat it by removing any badly damaged leaves, and thoroughly rinsing the remaining leaves with water. If you suspect this is a possibility, add more soil to the pot. Water: Dracaena require less water than most indoor plants. If the humidity in your home drops and the plant seems to suffer as a result with browning leaves, you can spray the plant with a light water mist to combat this. Corn plants require soil that retains moisture without drying out quickly but drains well enough so it doesn't become soggy or waterlogged. To increase your chances of success, you could also use rooting hormone on the cutting; however, this isn't essential. Sword-like leaves reach up to 1 foot long and grow in bunches at the top of tall trunks, or canes. If the tips of your corn plant are suffering from discoloration, trim the ends or remove the entire leaf to encourage new healthy growth. If you suspect your leaves are suffering from a toxicity problem, then water your plant with rainwater or bottled water instead and see if that makes a difference. A good tip for removing an unhealthy leaf is to tear a slit in it at the tip, creating two parts of the leaf. To identify a spider mite infestation, look for the white eggs, which are usually laid near the veins of the plant. Change the soil in the pot of your purchased corn plant if it isn't well-draining organic soil with a pH range of 6.0 to 6.5. Do not overwater, as it may cause root rot. The corn plant is commonly a host for scale, a small white pest which ranges in color from brown to white. If it isn't dry, leave it for another day or two and re-check the soil before adding more water. Dracaena: How to Plant, Grow and Take Care of Decorative Plants at Home. County extension offices offer soil test kits if you aren't sure what the pH is. Cut between two and five inches from a healthy stem that has buds, with a sharp knife or shears. Discolored leaves, especially on the tips, are almost always a watering issue. You may also wish to prune any leaves which have turned brown or have become unhealthy looking. Dracaena House Plant Care House Plants & Flowers. As dracaena is a very beautiful plant, it requires proper care and attention. The soil should be allowed to dry out between each watering. There are a few dracaena fragrans varieties that display different types of … In warmer months, keep the plant out of windows that get direct sunlight where it may become too hot. That's because Dracaenas are very sensitive to fluoride, which perlite and superphosphate contain. It gets its name from its leaves, which resemble the corn stalks of the Zea mays a.k.a regular corn. These tropical plants don't handle cold temperatures well. This plant can be considered as quite sociable, as it does well when set nearby other plants, which help to increase humidity levels. The most commonly known Dracaena in western society is the massangena variety, which is known for the yellow-lime green colored stripe that runs down the center of each dark green leaf. Dracaena corn plants (Dracaena fragrans 'Massangeana') belong within the family Agavaceae. Keep them hydrated by misting the leaves with water and keeping the soil lightly misted (never soggy) as well with good drainage. Dracaena corn plant prefers temperatures between 65 and 70 F. (16-24 C.). Corn plants are easy to care for and prefer a light-handed approach. Due to its tropical nature, the corn plant enjoys high humidity. Avoid using soil mixes that contain a large amount of perlite or fertilizers containing superphosphate with these plants. Most Dracaena fragrans 'Massangeana' are grown indoors in pots and are relatively low-maintenance plants. Hardy in USDA Zones 10 to 12, corn plants can take light shade or indirect sunlight. However, the corn plant is especially good for improving air quality, as it also absorbs toxins. Requiring low light and moderate watering, Corn Plant houseplants are easy to care for and make beautiful additions to any home. How much water you give your dracaena will depend on its size, the size of its container, and the soil medium you're using. The corn plant is tolerant of most lighting conditions, and can, therefore, be suited to any number of places in your home. But you may not know about the striking, acid-green foliage offered by 'Limelight' Dracaena (Dracaena deremensis 'Limelight').With glossy, electric lime-green leaves, this tropical foliage plant thrives as a low-light interior plant. Depending on the level of light your corn plant receives, you will likely only need to water it every week or two. This plant as requires medium light. Give the corn plant a thorough watering after planting it. The corn plant is slow growing, so it does not need frequent pruning or maintenance. Learn more. Botanical Name: Dracaena fragrans 'Massangeana' Corn plant care is easy, making it an ideal house plant. If your plant has any spindly stalks which are too long, simply cut them back to an appropriate size. The corn plant thrives in high humidity, though winter is often a time of low humidity in homes, due to indoor heating or naturally low temperatures. To eradicate spider mites, spray the leaves extensively with running water, or use miticides in more severe cases. The stalks on old corn plants can get overgrown and wild looking if they are not kept under control. Plants grow slowly, reaching up to 15 feet tall at maturity. If you position this plant in an area of strong light, try to use curtains or window blinds to filter the light and give your plant the best chance of growing healthily. We may earn a commission for purchases using our links. The corn plant goes by many names, and all them are part of the Dracaena family of plants – all typical with the same growing and care requirements. As long as the damage is not too severe, you can reverse the problem by carrying out a better watering regime. Corn plants do not take well to excess fluoride or baron, both of which are found in fertilizers, hence, fertilizing could cause leaves to brown. Depending on the variety, D. fragrans may have solid green or variegated leaves and mature at 15 to 50 feet high. This plant does just fine without fertilizer, but if you believe the plant needs a boost of nutrients, then only fertilize once a year. The corn plant is quite hardy, making it easy to look after for almost anyone. The Dracaena fragrans 'Massangeana' plant, also known as the corn plant, is made up of shiny green leaves that have a yellow streak running down the center of the leaves. You can easily maintain a healthy plant by lightly misting the leaves with a water spray to increase humidity, or place the plant pot on a tray filled with pebbles and water. Dracaena plants grow best in average humidity and a temperature range of 60°F to 75°F (15°C – 24°C). They don’t have special requirements when it comes to … Wrinkled stalks are an indication that your plant is thirsty and has been severely under watered, while rotten stalks indicate the opposite; the plant has been overwatered. You need to keep this plant away from direct sunlight, as it can do a lot of damage within a fairly short amount of time. Adjust your watering habits to help the situation improve. Corn Plant can occur as evergreen shrubs or small trees. To allow your corn plant to flourish, place it in moderate natural sunlight, ideally in a north facing window. How to Care for Flowering Dracaena Deremensis. Dracaena is a family of roughly 120 different species of plants. If temperatures fluctuate too much, even within the ideal range, the plant will show signs of distress. Dracaena Plant: Best Types, How to Grow and Care By Hazelle C. / Plants / updated August 30, 2020 From Corn Plant to Lucky Bamboo, and even your favorite Snake Plant, Dracaena has always been a mainstay to most ornamental house plant collections due to its sculptural strap-like foliage that gives a bold but inviting accent to any space. Plants of the Dracaena family are very easy houseplants to care for, but on occasion they present yellow leaves, a telling symptom of overwatering. Water the plant when the soil is partially dry. For this reason, some suggest not using any fertilizer at all, as it can cause more harm than good, and generally, corn plants do very well with just water alone. To care for mass cane plant (Dracaena massangeana) grow it in well-draining potting soil and high humidity. Appropriate fertilization is also a part of how to care for a dracaena. Gardening beginners or people who have very little interest in caring for houseplants should still find the corn plant easy to grow. If this doesn't work, your infestation may be more serious and will require the use of insecticides to treat properly. What Are the Pests & Diseases of a Dracaena Fragrans Massangeana? It requires very little attention, yet it is highly rewarding. If this is the case, either trim the roots back to restrict further growth, or move the plant into a larger pot. This dracaena is especially popular because of its long, graceful, green leaves that have a yellow and light green stripe running down the … The corn plant is very tolerant of most lighting conditions, though it thrives in moderate and indirect light. This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions. When the corn plant is in an environment which is too hot for it, the leaves may curl inwards on themselves, or the leaves may start to point towards more shaded areas. They attack the plant by sucking the sap from the leaves, resulting in a weak plant that sometimes completely stops growing. The ideal temperature range is 60°C to 75°F (15°C – 24°C). Spider mites are notoriously difficult to spot because they are so tiny, they are almost impossible to see with the naked eye. While these plants can be grown inside or outdoors, the majority of them are grown indoors. Corn plants react slowly, so you will need to continue this for several weeks to know if the fluoride is an issue. If you feel the need to supply your plant with extra nutrients, you could do this on an occasional basis, such as annually or biannually. Dracaena fragrans, or corn plant. Corn plants are also sensitive to fluoride, which is found in tap water. As well as being slow growing, this plant is also slow to react. Then, place the plant into a larger pot that will allow it more space to grow over the coming year, and pour fresh potting soil around the base. Dracaena fragrans 'Massangeana' needs slightly acidic soil that drains well to thrive. University of Vermont: Dracaena fragrans "Massangeana", International Journal of Innovative Science, Engineering & Technology: Fluoride Removal from Water by Various Techniques: Review, University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences Extension: Cultural Guidelines for Commercial Production of Interiorscape Dracaena. Most of the species are native to Africa, but it can also be found in Asia and northern Australia and two species are even found in South America. Remember to also keep the temperature steady during winter, ideally above 60°F, and certainly not below 55°F. Corn Plant Care: Light Requirements Caring for Corn Plant is … 'Massangeana' plants suffering from fluoride toxicity may have brown spots on the leaves, ringed in yellow. Ideally, you’ll want to collect rainwater in containers outside your property or on outdoor window sills to use for watering to reduce the unnecessary expense of using bottled water. She has received awards for being a top content producer. This is the excrement produced after having eaten the sap from your plant. Mealy bugs gather on the underside of leaves and stems, attacking the plant and causing loss of leaves and stunted growth. These can be removed with a heavy stream of water, such as with a powerful hose. If your corn plant resembles the leaning tower of Pisa, it is likely a result of uneven watering, or the plant is growing in a direction towards or away from a source of light. Some people also have success with neem oil. Dracaena Fragrans is a popular indoor plant. Humidity will be created around the plant as the water evaporates. You're probably familiar with at least one variety of dracaena, commonly known as "corn plant." The corn plant should be repotted annually to maintain high levels of health. And, use room-temperature or warm water as cold water can damage these sensitive tropical plants. Corn plants are sensitive to the chemicals in most fertilizers, so if you regularly fertilize your corn plant and the leaves have started to turn yellow or brown, then you should discontinue your fertilizer regime with immediate effect. Dracaena fragrans 'Massangeana' needs slightly acidic soil that drains well to thrive. The corn plant is an ideal plant to propagate because achieving successful shoots is usually easy and doesn’t cause any issues. Trees.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com.Â. Thrips are small, thin, winged creatures, who feast on weak corn plant leaves that haven't been watered enough. Corn plants in low lit areas will grow more slowly, and the colors of the leaves will become less vibrant; in some cases, the yellow stripe becoming almost imperceptible. Prevent a thrip infestation by sticking to a good watering regime with your plant. Alternatively, use a curtain to help filter the light and lower the temperature. Pull the two sections away from each other, and the leaf will easily come away from the stalk without leaving any leaf remnant behind. Plant 'Massangeana' in pots with drainage holes indoors to prevent root rot. This is a plant that doesn't necessarily need any pruning, though you may wish to trim it to achieve a shape or size which suits your space. Whether your favorite is Marginata, Massangenana, Fragrans, or possibly Deremensis, each will give you a hefty return for … The plant was first introduced to Europe in the 1700s, where it became popular as a houseplant. When growing a dracaena plant, stop feeding during winter months, as the plant benefits from a period of dormancy. Solve this simple math problem and enter the result. Alternatively, a horticultural oil may help to rid the corn plant of the infestation, or an insecticide. It gets its name from the highly fragrant flowers it produces, which open after dark. Discolored leaves can also be a sign of toxicity. Root rot is a common problem for dracaenas, so take care not to over-water them. Feed every two weeks in spring and summer with a balanced houseplant fertilizer. Shown here is an overwatered Dracaena massangeana An ideal spot for the cornstalk dracaena is one that's bright without being in direct sunlight, which can scorch leaves. The dracaena corn plant (dracaena massangeana), like all dracaenas, is tolerant of lower light, missed waterings, and general neglect. Apply a 3-1-2 fertilizer every three months to the soil surrounding the corn plant. This is an easy problem to solve. Dracaena plants are easy to grow and resilient. She has produced thousands of articles for online publications such as Demand Studios, GoBankingRates and WiseGeek. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. The corn plant is inexpensive and easily attainable. This plant, otherwise known as the dragon plant, the corn stalk plant, the corn plant, the dragon tree, and more. Distilled water can be used instead of reverse-osmosis water as it also contains little to no fluoride. http://www.botanicus.com Prune this episode #2: Kathryn demonstrates how to prune a common house plant known as Dracaena Massangeana or the Corn Plant The scientific name for the corn plant is Dracaena fragrans, which is the true corn plant in its native and original form, with solid dark green leaves. The NASA Clean Air Study found that Dracaena plants remove toxic substances from the air, including formaldehyde, xylene, benzene, and trichloroethylene (. Choose a pot that's just slightly bigger than the root ball, no more than one third larger. Before spotting mealy bugs on your corn plant, you may first notice a sticky residue on the leaves of your plant. Dracaena is grown in a variety of forms including the tip, bush, staggered, character and standard. Light Requirement. It's good for you too, because it naturally cleans the air. While these plants tolerate low light, they will not grow as well. How to Care for Dracaena Fragrans – Overview To care for the corn plant grow it in loose, moist potting soil that has good drainage. This could be caused by a buildup of salt in the soil, which is a result of salt deposits in the water. for 1+3, enter 4. The content of this field is kept private and will not be shown publicly. Don't pack the new soil in too tightly, as compressed soil won't allow for good drainage. Most of those in the Dracaena genus including the Corn Plant do best in light shade or gentle filtered sunlight. Moreover, like other dracaena species, corn plants are sensitive to fluoride and boron, which can be found in tap water. Don't be afraid to prune away its leaves or stem! Dracaena are not cold tolerant, so it is most likely that the plant has been irrevocably damaged and will die completely. This post shares all about dracaena care, specifically about growing dracaena indoors! Simply trim these off at the nodes; this is where the leaf sprouts from the branch. Thrips pierce the leaves and suck out the liquids from inside the plant cells, sometimes leaving behind a nasty black residue on the leaves. It can be commonly found at garden nurseries and plant stores at very reasonable prices compared with other houseplants of its size. Find a spot in your home where the ambient temperature remains between 65F and 78F during the day and night and keep the plant away from direct sunlight. Corn plant tolerates full to low light, but performs best in light shade o… It wasn’t until the early 1900s that the corn plant made a name for itself in the United States, but it rapidly gained support thanks to how easy it is to grow and care for, along with its tall and elegant style. Follow the packing label for exact dosing instructions. The leaves will scorch if too bright and if it's too dark the new leaves will be quite small and the stripe (s) may look quite different to those found on the older ones. If you notice this happening, it's a sure sign that you need to move your plant to a more suitable spot, as it is trying to guard itself against the sun. Alicia Bodine has been a professional writer for 13 years. E.g. There are a few members of the Dracaena family and they have long been popular house plants. (University of Florida- Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences). In most cases, the yellow or brown spots are noticed before any physical indications of the spider mites are seen. Native to tropical Africa, dracaena corn plant wont survive frosty weather, although it is suitable for growing outdoors in the warm climates of USDA plant hardiness zones 10 through 12. Thanks! Place your 'Massangeana' plant between 4 and 8 feet away from either a south-, east- or west-facing window. To identify an infestation of mealy bugs, look for white fuzzy looking insects. In strong light, you may need to water it more frequently, but only ever enough to moisten the soil. If you keep your plant inside in front of a western-facing window, it should have curtains or blinds to filter the light. Water the cutting immediately and continue to care for it as necessary. This is because the original plant will be in its growing season, and the cutting will, therefore, continue to grow. If you notice these signs, water your plants with water that has gone through filtration with reverse-osmosis. To propagate your corn plant, wait until springtime to take your cutting. Mist your corn plant once per day with a spray bottle that has been filled with water; corn plants require a humid environment because they are tropical. Here’s how to double-check that your plant has been getting too much water and care for it so the leaves turn back green again. Introducing a natural predator which is harmless to plants can help to control scale, such as ladybugs or parasitic wasps; however, this isn't always a suitable treatment for houseplants. There are tons of different Dracaena species and man-made cultivars out there to collect. If you want to grow the plant outdoors, however, you must live in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 10B through 11. Before watering, dip your finger around one inch into the soil of your plant, and if it's dry then, you can water it. Dracaena Corn Plant - Tips For Dracaena Fragrans Growing & Care, University of Florida- Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, NASA- Interior Landscape Plants for Indoor Air Pollution Abatement, Japanese Maple Tree - Care and Growing Tips, Different Types of Maple Trees with Pictures, Best Christmas Tree Farms in North Hampton, NH, Fiddle Leaf Fig Tree - Optimal Growing and Care Tips, 8 Indoor Hanging Plants That You Can Grow Indoors, 10 Super Easy Types of Echeveria That You'll Love, 7 Best Bathroom Plants For the High Humidity Environment, Terrarium Plants - 17+ Plants to Grow in Your Terrarium, Massangeana, Compacta, Warneckei, Lemon Lime, deremensis, sanderiana, Reflexa, Moderate light, away from direct sunlight, Water once the soil has become dry, keeping it moist, not wet, Like all plants, the corn plant produces oxygen and makes the air in your home healthier for all of your family. Because tap water contains fluoride that can be harmful to indoor plants like Dracaenas, you may want to use rainwater or water that has gone through the process of reverse-osmosis to remove it. The ‘true’ corn plant, Dracaena fragrans, has solid green leaves and is often found growing surrounded by taller vegetation, which provides it with shade. Change the soil in the pot of your purchased corn plant if it … Also called mass cane, this slow-growing plant is easy to care for and adapts well to a variety of conditions. Helpful 3 Not Helpful 2. The slow growth also means it will act as an ornament in your home, happily filling a space where it can remain for some time without becoming too big for the area. Brown colored spots on leaves are fairly common, particularly on fresh growth. Dracaena Corn Plant - Tips For Dracaena Fragrans Growing & Care by Max - last update on October 28, 2019, 11:17 pm The scientific name for the corn plant is Dracaena fragrans, which is the true corn plant in its native and original form, with solid dark green leaves. Unfortunately, not everyone knows how to grow it. Native to Upper Guinea in Africa, the corn plant originates from a tropical climate, where it grows in humid forests. Buying Dracaena. Reduce fertilization to once a month during fall. A few of the most popular ones include Dracaena marginata (the dragon tree), Dracaena fragrans (the corn plant), Dracaena sanderiana (lucky bamboo) and Dracaena ‘Compacta’ (a compact cultivar of fragrans). Corn plants that are overwatered or under watered will display their distress in the form of brown or yellow leaves. Cold water will shock the plant, so make sure it's lukewarm. The corn plant is at its happiest with temperatures ranging from 60°F (15°C) to 75°F (24°C). Place the mass cane in a bright room with indirect sunlight. Thus, it's best to water with distilled water to avoid leaf tip burn, stunted growth, and even plant death. Corn Plant Basic Care Corn Plant (Dracaena fragrans massangeana) is commonly seen as houseplants, borders, and temperate greenhouses. Going forward, be sure to rotate your plant so that it gets even light coverage, and water it as evenly as possible. That means it needs light but cannot tolerate direct sunlight. To reduce the height of your corn plant, simply cut off the top portion with garden shears, directly across horizontally. Infestations usually occur in the summer, when the mites suck the juices from the plant leaves, leaving behind marks of discoloration.

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